Slovenia is a country in Central Europe that lies in the eastern Alps at the northeastern end of the Adriatic Sea, with Austria to the north, Italy to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast and Croatia to the south. Despite its small size, Slovenia has a surprising variety of terrain, ranging from the beaches of the Mediterranean to the peaks of the Julian Alps, to the rolling hills of the south. Slovenia was already more economically advanced than other "East Block" nations prior to European integration and the powerhouse of Tito's Yugoslavia. Added the fact that Slovenia is also home to some of the finest scenery in the "New Europe", the transition from socialism to the european common market economy has gone well and serves as a model for other nations on the same track to follow.
Slovenia is, arguably, the most scenic of the formerly communist countries, and Ljubljana ("lyoob-lyAH-nah") is a great little city full of charm. It's pretty easy to have a good time here. It's full of galleries and museums and young artists. The population of the city is around 300,000.
The Ljubljanica river flows through the center of town, past Baroque buildings and under the ramparts of the ancient castle on the hill. The new city and modern-day commercial core lies to the west of the river, while the east side has Ljubljana's old city and the castle. Connecting the two are a number of bridges, the most famous of which is the Tromostovje (triple) bridge (architect Jože Plecnik).
Triple Bridge ("Tromostovje" in Slovenian), Ljubljana's trademark central bridges designed by Jože Plecnik. Tromostovje consists of three separate picturesque bridges located next to one another. This is the central location of downtown Ljubljana. Here, you can see the statue of France Prešeren, Slovenia's greatest poet. You can also catch a tourist train taking you to the castle. Or cross Ljubjanica and turn left for Open Market and the Dragon Bridge, or go straight and then right for Old Ljubljana.
Old Ljubljana is Ljubljana's historic part. It has the city hall, monuments, and well-preserved old buildings and churches. It also has local designer shops, and several popular cafes and restaurants. It is located immediately below the city castle and on the eastern side of Ljubljanica river, across the Triple Bridge. You will discover interesting squares, lanes and buildings.
Ljubljana Castle - You can catch the "tourist train" from the Triple Bridge to the castle, or walk up the (steep!) hill to the castle, or take the Funicular Railway (€3/2 (adult/concession), the lower station is at the top of the main Open market). Entrance to the Castle Courtyard, Chapel and Gift shop is free, but there is a charge for access to the tower. The tower has magnificent views all over the city. You can also see the Sava River and Kamnik Alps in the distance. Included is a 3D Movie of the history of Ljubljana from a pre-historic settlement to Roman Empire to modern times.
Square of the Republic - Where crowds gathered as Slovenia announced its independence from the Yugoslav Federation in 1991. The square has significant importance for Slovene history, as it was a place of important public gatherings (and demonstrations) in the past. Across the road is the Slovene Parliament. Its facade is decorated with artistic nude statues of Slovenes at work and leisure. The square also houses the International Business Centre.
Roman Ruins - a short walk west of the centre of town are the remains of the Roman City Walls, including a number of pillars from an entrance gate.
Other areas of Slovenia
Zgornjesavska Valley, one of most beautiful alpine valleys rests in the utmost Northwestern part of Slovenia,close to borders with Austria and Italy.Mysterious and romantic, embraced by the magnificent peaks the valley gave rise to numerous legends and fairy tales.This valley with many sports events and plenty of entertainment is this place for an active holiday for all who enjoy sport,parties and fun in the snow.
Bohinj (pronounced BAW-heen) is an alpine valley and a municipality in the north-west of Slovenia, in the Julian Alps. The valley is famous for the pristine Lake Bohinj (Bohinjsko jezero) and marks one of the main entrances to the Triglav National Park.
Triglav National Park (Triglavski Narodni Park) is Slovenia's pride and joy. Centered around the focal point of Triglav (2864 m), the "Three-Headed" mountain found on everything Slovenian ranging from the national flag to Laibach's LP Krst pod Triglavom (Baptism under Triglav), the park covers nearly all of the Slovenian section of the Julian Alps, a total of nearly 85,000 hectares. Savica Waterfall (Slap Savice) is a 78m waterfall on the north side of the lake at Bohinj and the starting point of several popular routes up Triglav. Also here is St. John the Baptist Church, Ribcev Laz. Picturesquely perched by the shore of the lake, the current church building dates back to 1440 and is among the oldest in Slovenia. The frescoes on the inside are also an interesting historical record: many of the figures have clear goiters, a swelling of the neck caused by lac